Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Kuwait Petroleum Corporation: Searching for Strategy in a Fragmented Oil Sector

July 2008

By most measures, including Kuwait Petroleum Corporation's ability to meet its own targets, the enterprise performs poorly.  Many of the problems are traceable to the profound dysfunction and...

Oil and Governance: State-owned Enterprises and the World Energy Supply

January 2012

National oil companies (NOCs) produce most of the world’s oil and natural gas and bankroll governments across the globe.

Political Economy of Electric Power Market Restructuring: Introduction to Issues and Expectations, A

February 2003

Over the last three decades a wave of reform has spread nearly every aspect of modern economic activity.

Reform of the Chinese Electric Power Market: Economics and Institutions

January 2004

When the People's Republic was founded in 1949, the Chinese electricity industry, with only 1.85 GW installed capacity, was primitive.

Political Economy of Power Sector Reform in South Africa

February 2003

This is an updated draft version of a paper published here in Feb. 2003.

Vision for Global Electrification, A

August 2002

This paper is a working draft intended to both set the stage and stimulate discussion at the upcoming EPRI workshop on Global Electrification.

Energy and Economic Development: An Assessment of the State of Knowledge

November 2002

Energy development, interpreted broadly to mean increased provision and use of energy services, is an integral part of enhanced economic development.

Macro Patterns in the Use of Traditional Biomass Fuels

November 2002

About 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass, mainly for cooking and heating (IEA, 2002).

Rural Energy Patterns in China: A Preliminary Assessment from Available Data Sources

November 2002

This paper looks into the overall energy pattern in rural China and the possible reasons behind based on an assessment of available data sources.

Regime Complex for Plant Genetic Resources, The

May 2003

The study of regimes has focused on the negotiation of rules that, in practice, have been codified into single agreements.

Factors that Explain Investment in Cross-Border Natural Gas Transport Infrastructures: A Research Protocol for Historical Case Studies

February 2004

Techno-economic energy models consistently project world gas demand to rise sharply in the coming decades.

Political Economy of Indian Power Sector Reforms, The

December 2003

This is an updated draft of a version published in February 2003.

Political Economy of the Brazilian Power Industry Reform, The

December 2003

After a long period of rapid growth the Brazilian power industry entered a period of stagnation and crisis in the 1980s.

Rural Energy Modeling

November 2002

This paper presents the details and results of an energy model of a non-electrified rural village. The model itself was developed with MARKAL/TIMES, a modeling and optimization tool.

A Herd Mentality in the Design of International Environmental Agreements?

February 2005

When addressing an externality such as air pollution, regulators can control policy inputs (e.g., pollution taxes and technology standards) or outputs (e.g., emission caps).

Electricity Restructuring and the Social Contract

May 2003

The electricity sector is a major contributor to air and water pollution. Electricity also supplies vital services to modern societies-it literally powers economic growth.

Greenfield IPP Database (GRIPP): Based on the World Bank's Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database, The

May 2003

The Greenfield IPP (GRIPP) database is derived from the World Bank's Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) database.

Political Economy and the Hydrogen Revolution

September 2003

In recent years, the professional punditry has lofted hydrogen into the firmament of technological wonders.

Mexican Electricity Sector: Economic, Legal and Political Issues, The

November 2003

This chapter aims to explain the motivations and strategies for reform in the Mexican electricity sector.

Algerian Gas to Europe: The Transmed Pipeline and Early Spanish Gas Import Projects

May 2004

A snapshot of the central Mediterranean region starting in the 1970's provides an ideal case for the analysis of decision making in cross-border natural gas transport projects.

What IT Can and Cannot Do for the Power Sector and Distribution in India: Link to Reforms, Incentives, and Management

January 2004

This paper relates to significant medium and long-term planning for the Indian power sector.

Impact of Power Sector Reforms on Technology, Efficiency and Emissions: Case Study of Andhra Pradesh, India

March 2004

The study traces the pattern of development of the electricity sector in India through a case study of the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Impact of Power Sector Reforms on Technology, Efficiency and Emissions: Case Study of Gujarat, India

March 2004

The study examines the impact of the power sector reforms on the electricity generation industry at the state level in India through a case study of the state of Gujarat.

Captive Power Plants: Case Study of Gujarat, India

March 2004

In India, in the last few years, the installed capacity of the Captive Power Plants (CPPs) has grown at a faster rate compared to the utilities.

People

frank wolak Frank Wolak PESD Director, Senior Fellow Professor, Economics
Mark's profile picture Mark C. Thurber Associate Director for Research at PESD, Social Science Research Scholar
IMG 0795 Ognen Stojanovski Research Affiliate at PESD
Christoph Graf headshot Christoph Graf Research Affiliate at PESD
ajha photo Akshaya Jha Faculty Affiliate at PESD
ian hardman headshot Ian Hardman Research Affiliate at PESD