Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Adapting to Shifting Government Priorities: An Assessment of the Performance and Strategy of India's ONGC

April 2010

The state-owned company Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India's largest company devoted to exploration and production (E&P).

Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context

March 2010

  In electricity, "downstream" CO2 regulation requires retail suppliers to buy energy from a mix of sources so that their weighted emissions satisfy a standard.

Making Carbon Offsets Work in the Developing World: Lessons from the Chinese Wind Controversy

March 2010

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the leading international carbon market and a driving force for sustainable development globally.

The Limits of Institutional Design in Oil Sector Governance: Exporting the Norwegian Model

February 2010

Norway has made a point of administering its petroleum resources using three distinct government bodies: a national oil company (NOC) engaged in commercial hydrocarbon operations; a government...

Promoting Clean Development Competing Market Mechanisms Post-2012

October 2009

(Excerpt) According to climate scientists, averting the worst consequences of climate change requires that the increase in global temperature should be limited to 2°C (or 3.6°F).

Cookstoves and Obstacles to Technology Adoption by the Poor

October 2009

Programs to distribute improved biomass stoves have traditionally been unsuccessful, despite enormous potential health and climate benefits.

Evolution of China's Coal Institutions, The

August 2009

Coal is the major primary energy which fuels economic growth in China.

Finesses and Game-Changers in Frontier Project Development: The Case of Carbon Capture and Storage

August 2009

Project development is particularly challenging in “frontier” environments where alternative technologies, conflicting laws and agencies, and uncertain benefits or risks constrain the knowledge or...

Real Drivers of Carbon Capture and Storage in China and Implications for Climate Policy

August 2009

The capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions from coal combustion is now widely viewed as imperative for stabilization of the global climate.  Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel....

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

August 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.

Role of Carbon Capture Technologies in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Models: A Parametric Study for the U.S. Power Sector

June 2009

This paper analyzes the potential contribution of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the U.S.

Carbon Capture and Storage: An Assessment of Required Technological Growth Rates and Capital Investments

May 2009

In this new working paper PESD research affiliate Danny Cullenward studies the required rates of growth and capital investments needed to meet various long-term projections for CCS.

The Geoengineering Option

March 2009

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

March 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.  The west caused the problem and it...

Carbon Capture and Storage at Scale: Lessons from the Growth of Analogous Energy Technologies

February 2009

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a promising technology that might allow for significant reductions in CO2 emissions.

Global Warming Policy After Kyoto: Rethinking Engagement with Developing Countries

January 2009

Effective strategies for managing the dangers of global climate change are proving very difficult to design and implement.  They require governments to undertake a portfolio of costly efforts that...

Household Level Fuel Switching in Rural Hubei

December 2008

Based on an analysis of a rural household survey data in Hubei province in 2004, we explore patterns of residential fuel use within the conceptual framework of fuel switching using statistical...

Climate Accession Deals: New Strategies for Taming Growth of Greenhouse Gases in Developing Countries

December 2008

Effective strategies for managing the dangers of global climate change are proving very difficult to design and implement.

PESD Carbon Storage Project Database

November 2008

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is among the technologies with greatest potential leverage to combat climate change.

The Future of Natural Gas Consumption in Beijing, Guangdong and Shanghai: An Assessment Utilizing MARKAL

September 2008

Natural gas could possibly become a significant portion of the future fuel mix in China.

Measuring the Clean Development Mechanism's Performance and Potential

August 2008

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol is the first global attempt to address a global environmental public goods problem with a market-based mechanism.

Another Look at Renewables on India's Sagar Island

July 2008

Much existing literature champions renewables implementation on India’s Sagar Island as an unqualified rural electrification success story.  Photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems put in place by the...

Kuwait Petroleum Corporation: Searching for Strategy in a Fragmented Oil Sector

July 2008

By most measures, including Kuwait Petroleum Corporation's ability to meet its own targets, the enterprise performs poorly.  Many of the problems are traceable to the profound dysfunction and...