Security

Security

FSI scholars produce research aimed at creating a safer world and examing the consequences of security policies on institutions and society. They look at longstanding issues including nuclear nonproliferation and the conflicts between countries like North and South Korea. But their research also examines new and emerging areas that transcend traditional borders – the drug war in Mexico and expanding terrorism networks. FSI researchers look at the changing methods of warfare with a focus on biosecurity and nuclear risk. They tackle cybersecurity with an eye toward privacy concerns and explore the implications of new actors like hackers.

Along with the changing face of conflict, terrorism and crime, FSI researchers study food security. They tackle the global problems of hunger, poverty and environmental degradation by generating knowledge and policy-relevant solutions. 

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Oil Scarcity Ideology in US National Security Policy, 1909‐1980

February 2013

AbstractOver the past century peak oil forecasts have had a profound influence on US national security policy.  Unquestioned acceptance of a variety of oil scarcity forecasts, all of which proved...

Strategic Alliances Between National and International Oil Companies

October 2011

AbstractOil companies owned by national governments (“NOCs”) and oil companies with extensive international operations owned by diverse private investors (“IOCs”) constitute some of the largest and...

The Policy Tightrope in Gas-Producing Countries: Stimulating Domestic Demand Without Discouraging Supply

February 2011

Executive SummaryNatural gas can offer substantial environmental, energy security, and convenience advantages over competing fuels such as coal and oil.   Gas is relatively abundant in the world,...

The Future of South African Coal: Market, Investment, and Policy Challenges

January 2011

As the world's fifth largest coal exporter and a key swing supplier between the Atlantic and Pacific coal markets, South Africa is a crucial player in global markets.  While the country has long...

Remaking the World's Largest Coal Market: The Quest to Develop Large Coal-Power Bases in China

December 2010

China's coal market is now in the midst of a radical restructuring that has the potential to change how coal is produced, traded and consumed both in China and the rest of the world.  The...

COALMOD-World: A Model to Assess International Coal Markets Until 2030

September 2010

This paper introduces a tool to analyze the future developments of the international steam coal market, the "COALMOD-World" model.

NNPC and Nigeria's Oil Patronage Ecosystem

September 2010

Nigeria depends heavily on oil and gas, with hydrocarbon activities providing around 65 percent of total government revenue and 95 percent of export revenues.  While Nigeria supplies some LNG to...

The History and Future of Indonesia's Coal Industry: Impact of Politics and Regulatory Framework on Industry Structure and Performance

July 2010

Over the past two decades, Indonesia's coal industry has transformed itself from being an unknown, minor player in Asia's coal markets to the world's largest exporter of steam coal.

Norway's Evolving Champion: Statoil and the Politics of State Enterprise

May 2010

Executive summary:Statoil was founded in 1972 as the national oil company (NOC) of Norway.  Along with Brazil's Petrobras, Statoil today is a leader in several technological areas including...

Real Drivers of Carbon Capture and Storage in China and Implications for Climate Policy

August 2009

The capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions from coal combustion is now widely viewed as imperative for stabilization of the global climate.  Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel....

Carbon Capture and Storage at Scale: Lessons from the Growth of Analogous Energy Technologies

February 2009

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a promising technology that might allow for significant reductions in CO2 emissions.

Climate Accession Deals: New Strategies for Taming Growth of Greenhouse Gases in Developing Countries

December 2008

Effective strategies for managing the dangers of global climate change are proving very difficult to design and implement.

Reducing Proliferation Risk

October 2008

PESD senior fellow and Nobel laureate in Physics, Burton Richter, explains why an inclusive internationalization policy of both ends of the nuclear fuel-cycle can provide much needed carbon-free...

In the Tank: Making the Most of Strategic Oil Reserves

July 2008

Like many other large oil importers, the United States stocks massive amounts of crude oil to buffer itself against shocks to the world oil market.

Institutions and Gas Market Security

December 2007

The developing LNG trade does not have symmetric participants.

Innovation in China's Energy Sector

March 2007

The performance of China's national system of innovation has improved since reforms began in 1978, but reform impact by sector is not well characterized.

The Obsolescing Bargain Redux: Foreign Investment in the Electric Power Sector in Developing Countries

December 2006

As part of PESD's ongoing research on power sector reform, the program has focused on the special role of independent power projects (IPPs).

National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency

October 2006

National Security Consequences of U.S.

Nuclear Power: A Status Report

September 2006

Nuclear energy is undergoing a renaissance driven by two very loosely coupled needs; the first for much more energy to support economic growth worldwide, and the second to mitigate global warming...

India Nuclear Deal, the: Implications for Global Climate Change

July 2006

The debate over the India nuclear deal has been too one-dimensional.

Greenhouse Gas Implications in Large Scale Infrastructure Investments in Developing Countries: Examples from China and India

March 2006

Engaging developing countries is essential to creating meaningful international regimes to address climate change.

Incorporating stress in electric power systems reliability models

November 2005

Electric power systems can be disrupted by a variety of circumstances impacting failure and recovery rates.

Geopolitics of Natural Gas Project Summary: Insights to 2040

August 2005

We summarize four main project results that should dominate strategic thinking about the next three decades' shift to increasing reliance on natural gas: An integrated global gas market will emerge...