Science and Technology

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 23 / 23

Rural Electrification: Strategies for Distributed Generation

December 2011

An estimated 1.6 billion people worldwide have no access to electricity. An untold number of others live with electricity that is erratic and of poor quality.

Norway's Evolving Champion: Statoil and the Politics of State Enterprise

May 2010

Executive summary:Statoil was founded in 1972 as the national oil company (NOC) of Norway.  Along with Brazil's Petrobras, Statoil today is a leader in several technological areas including...

The Limits of Institutional Design in Oil Sector Governance: Exporting the Norwegian Model

February 2010

Norway has made a point of administering its petroleum resources using three distinct government bodies: a national oil company (NOC) engaged in commercial hydrocarbon operations; a government...

When It Comes to Demand Response, Is the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission its Own Worst Enemy?

October 2009

The traditional approach to demand response of paying for a customer's electricity consumption reductions relative to an administratively set baseline is currently being advocated by the Federal...

Cookstoves and Obstacles to Technology Adoption by the Poor

October 2009

Programs to distribute improved biomass stoves have traditionally been unsuccessful, despite enormous potential health and climate benefits.

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

August 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.

Real Drivers of Carbon Capture and Storage in China and Implications for Climate Policy

August 2009

The capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions from coal combustion is now widely viewed as imperative for stabilization of the global climate.  Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel....

Role of Carbon Capture Technologies in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Models: A Parametric Study for the U.S. Power Sector

June 2009

This paper analyzes the potential contribution of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the U.S.

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

March 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.  The west caused the problem and it...

Carbon Capture and Storage at Scale: Lessons from the Growth of Analogous Energy Technologies

February 2009

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a promising technology that might allow for significant reductions in CO2 emissions.

PESD Carbon Storage Project Database

November 2008

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is among the technologies with greatest potential leverage to combat climate change.

Reducing Proliferation Risk

October 2008

PESD senior fellow and Nobel laureate in Physics, Burton Richter, explains why an inclusive internationalization policy of both ends of the nuclear fuel-cycle can provide much needed carbon-free...

On the Regulation of Geo-engineering

July 2008

New evidence that the climate system may be especially sensitive to the build-up of greenhouse gases and that humans are doing a poor job of controlling their effluent has animated discussions...

Making Small Work: Business Models for Electrifying the World

September 2007

Despite over a century of investment in electric power systems, there are roughly 1.6 billion people who lack access to electricity service, mainly in rural areas.

Rural Electrification in China: History and Institution

December 2006

China has been highly successful in electrifying rural areas in the past half century.

National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency

October 2006

National Security Consequences of U.S.

A Madisonian Approach to Climate Policy

September 2005

Climate change is a global phenomenon, but the institutions needed to implement effective policy reside mainly with national governments.

A Herd Mentality in the Design of International Environmental Agreements?

February 2005

When addressing an externality such as air pollution, regulators can control policy inputs (e.g., pollution taxes and technology standards) or outputs (e.g., emission caps).

Baseline for carbon emissions in the Indian and Chinese power sectors: implications for international carbon trading

January 2005

This paper was published by Energy Policy in January 2005.The study examines the dynamics of carbon emissions baselines of electricitygeneration in Indian states and Chinese provinces in the...

Impact of Power Sector Reforms on Technology, Efficiency and Emissions: Case Study of Andhra Pradesh, India

March 2004

The study traces the pattern of development of the electricity sector in India through a case study of the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Impact of Power Sector Reforms on Technology, Efficiency and Emissions: Case Study of Gujarat, India

March 2004

The study examines the impact of the power sector reforms on the electricity generation industry at the state level in India through a case study of the state of Gujarat.

What IT Can and Cannot Do for the Power Sector and Distribution in India: Link to Reforms, Incentives, and Management

January 2004

This paper relates to significant medium and long-term planning for the Indian power sector.

Vision for Global Electrification, A

August 2002

This paper is a working draft intended to both set the stage and stimulate discussion at the upcoming EPRI workshop on Global Electrification.