Energy

Energy

This image is having trouble loading!FSI researchers examine the role of energy sources from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) investigates how the production and consumption of energy affect human welfare and environmental quality. Professors assess natural gas and coal markets, as well as the smart energy grid and how to create effective climate policy in an imperfect world. This includes how state-owned enterprises – like oil companies – affect energy markets around the world. Regulatory barriers are examined for understanding obstacles to lowering carbon in energy services. Realistic cap and trade policies in California are studied, as is the creation of a giant coal market in China.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Australia's Black Coal Industry: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

March 2011

The world's largest coal exporter sits at a critical crossroads.  In the decades following WWII, Australia's coal industry grew from a small, fractured sector to the biggest player in international...

The Policy Tightrope in Gas-Producing Countries: Stimulating Domestic Demand Without Discouraging Supply

February 2011

Executive SummaryNatural gas can offer substantial environmental, energy security, and convenience advantages over competing fuels such as coal and oil.   Gas is relatively abundant in the world,...

The Future of South African Coal: Market, Investment, and Policy Challenges

January 2011

As the world's fifth largest coal exporter and a key swing supplier between the Atlantic and Pacific coal markets, South Africa is a crucial player in global markets.  While the country has long...

On the State's Choice of Oil Company: Risk Management and the Frontier of the Petroleum Industry

December 2010

Conventional wisdom holds that oil sector nationalizations are rooted in political motives of the petroleum states, which perceive value in the direct control of resource development though a state...

Remaking the World's Largest Coal Market: The Quest to Develop Large Coal-Power Bases in China

December 2010

China's coal market is now in the midst of a radical restructuring that has the potential to change how coal is produced, traded and consumed both in China and the rest of the world.  The...

Energy for Sustainable Development

September 2010

The majority of rural residents in China are dependent on traditional fuels, but the quality and quantity of existing data on the process of fuel switching in rural China are insufficient to have a...

Adverse Selection in an Opt-in Emissions Trading Program: The Case of Sectoral Crediting for Transportation

September 2010

Sectoral crediting mechanisms such as sectoral no-lose targets have been proposed as a way to provide incentives for emission reductions in developing countries as part of an international climate...

NNPC and Nigeria's Oil Patronage Ecosystem

September 2010

Nigeria depends heavily on oil and gas, with hydrocarbon activities providing around 65 percent of total government revenue and 95 percent of export revenues.  While Nigeria supplies some LNG to...

COALMOD-World: A Model to Assess International Coal Markets Until 2030

September 2010

This paper introduces a tool to analyze the future developments of the international steam coal market, the "COALMOD-World" model.

The World's Greatest Coal Arbitrage: China's Coal Import Behavior and Implications for the Global Coal Market

August 2010

In 2009 the global coal market witnessed one of the most dramatic realignments it has ever seen - China, long a net exporter of coal, suddenly imported a record-smashing 126 Mt tons (103 Mt net)....

The History and Future of Indonesia's Coal Industry: Impact of Politics and Regulatory Framework on Industry Structure and Performance

July 2010

Over the past two decades, Indonesia's coal industry has transformed itself from being an unknown, minor player in Asia's coal markets to the world's largest exporter of steam coal.

Norway's Evolving Champion: Statoil and the Politics of State Enterprise

May 2010

Executive summary:Statoil was founded in 1972 as the national oil company (NOC) of Norway.  Along with Brazil's Petrobras, Statoil today is a leader in several technological areas including...

Adapting to Shifting Government Priorities: An Assessment of the Performance and Strategy of India's ONGC

April 2010

The state-owned company Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India's largest company devoted to exploration and production (E&P).

Making Carbon Offsets Work in the Developing World: Lessons from the Chinese Wind Controversy

March 2010

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the leading international carbon market and a driving force for sustainable development globally.

Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context

March 2010

  In electricity, "downstream" CO2 regulation requires retail suppliers to buy energy from a mix of sources so that their weighted emissions satisfy a standard.

The Limits of Institutional Design in Oil Sector Governance: Exporting the Norwegian Model

February 2010

Norway has made a point of administering its petroleum resources using three distinct government bodies: a national oil company (NOC) engaged in commercial hydrocarbon operations; a government...

Cookstoves and Obstacles to Technology Adoption by the Poor

October 2009

Programs to distribute improved biomass stoves have traditionally been unsuccessful, despite enormous potential health and climate benefits.

When It Comes to Demand Response, Is the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission its Own Worst Enemy?

October 2009

The traditional approach to demand response of paying for a customer's electricity consumption reductions relative to an administratively set baseline is currently being advocated by the Federal...

Promoting Clean Development Competing Market Mechanisms Post-2012

October 2009

(Excerpt) According to climate scientists, averting the worst consequences of climate change requires that the increase in global temperature should be limited to 2°C (or 3.6°F).

Evolution of China's Coal Institutions, The

August 2009

Coal is the major primary energy which fuels economic growth in China.

Finesses and Game-Changers in Frontier Project Development: The Case of Carbon Capture and Storage

August 2009

Project development is particularly challenging in “frontier” environments where alternative technologies, conflicting laws and agencies, and uncertain benefits or risks constrain the knowledge or...

Real Drivers of Carbon Capture and Storage in China and Implications for Climate Policy

August 2009

The capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions from coal combustion is now widely viewed as imperative for stabilization of the global climate.  Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel....

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

August 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.

People

gordon leslie headshot Gordon Leslie Faculty Affiliate at PESD
cg Christoph Graf Social Science Research Scholar
ajha photo Akshaya Jha Faculty Affiliate at PESD
parholmberg 150x190 Pär Holmberg Faculty Affiliate at PESD
eriklundin 150x190 Erik Lundin Faculty Affiliate at PESD
mohammad hesamzadeh Mohammad Hesamzadeh Faculty Affiliate at PESD
photo mcrae Shaun McRae Faculty Affiliate at PESD
blake shaffer headshot Blake Shaffer Research Affiliate at PESD
gloria colmenares headshot 2 Gloria Colmenares Research Affiliate at PESD
Connie Chao's headshot Connie Chao Operations Manager
ian hardman headshot Ian Hardman Research Affiliate at PESD
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