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Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Simulating the interaction of a renewable portfolio standard with electricity and carbon markets

May 2015

The authors ran a game-based simulation of an electricity market with both an RPS and a cap-and-trade market for greenhouse gas emissions allowances.

To Promote Adoption of Household Health Technologies, Think Beyond Health

October 2013

Health risks from poor malaria control, unsafe water, and indoor air pollution are responsible for an important share of the global disease burden—and they can be addressed by efficacious household...

Carbon in the classroom: Lessons from a simulation of California’s electricity market under a stringent cap and trade system

August 2013

This paper summarizes the lessons learned from implementing a realistic, game-based simulation of California’s electricity market with a cap-and-trade market for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and...

Risk Attitudes Shape National Oil Company Strategies

June 2012

Abstract Mark C. Thurber, David R. Hults National oil companies (NOCs) often behave in strikingly different ways from one another and from private, international oil companies (IOCs).

Oil and Governance: State-owned Enterprises and the World Energy Supply

January 2012

National oil companies (NOCs) produce most of the world’s oil and natural gas and bankroll governments across the globe.

Improved stoves in India: A study of sustainable business models

August 2011

Abstract: Burning of biomass for cooking is associated with health problems and climate change impacts.

Exporting the 'Norwegian Model': The effect of administrative design on oil sector performance

June 2011

Abstract Norway has administered its petroleum resources using three distinct government bodies: a national oil company engaged in commercial hydrocarbon operations; a government ministry to direct...

The Policy Tightrope in Gas-Producing Countries: Stimulating Domestic Demand Without Discouraging Supply

February 2011

Executive Summary Natural gas can offer substantial environmental, energy security, and convenience advantages over competing fuels such as coal and oil.   Gas is relatively abundant in the world,...

On the State's Choice of Oil Company: Risk Management and the Frontier of the Petroleum Industry

December 2010

Conventional wisdom holds that oil sector nationalizations are rooted in political motives of the petroleum states, which perceive value in the direct control of resource development though a state...

Remaking the World's Largest Coal Market: The Quest to Develop Large Coal-Power Bases in China

December 2010

China's coal market is now in the midst of a radical restructuring that has the potential to change how coal is produced, traded and consumed both in China and the rest of the world.  The...

Energy for Sustainable Development

September 2010

The majority of rural residents in China are dependent on traditional fuels, but the quality and quantity of existing data on the process of fuel switching in rural China are insufficient to have a...

NNPC and Nigeria's Oil Patronage Ecosystem

September 2010

Nigeria depends heavily on oil and gas, with hydrocarbon activities providing around 65 percent of total government revenue and 95 percent of export revenues.  While Nigeria supplies some LNG to...

The World's Greatest Coal Arbitrage: China's Coal Import Behavior and Implications for the Global Coal Market

August 2010

In 2009 the global coal market witnessed one of the most dramatic realignments it has ever seen - China, long a net exporter of coal, suddenly imported a record-smashing 126 Mt tons (103 Mt net)....

Norway's Evolving Champion: Statoil and the Politics of State Enterprise

May 2010

Executive summary: Statoil was founded in 1972 as the national oil company (NOC) of Norway.  Along with Brazil's Petrobras, Statoil today is a leader in several technological areas including...

Regulatory Barriers to Lowering the Carbon Content of Energy Services

May 2010

A preliminary list of regulatory barriers that restrain the commercialization of technologies that would reduce the carbon content of energy services consumed in the United States.At the request of...

Adapting to Shifting Government Priorities: An Assessment of the Performance and Strategy of India's ONGC

April 2010

The state-owned company Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India's largest company devoted to exploration and production (E&P).

Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context

March 2010

  In electricity, "downstream" CO2 regulation requires retail suppliers to buy energy from a mix of sources so that their weighted emissions satisfy a standard.

Making Carbon Offsets Work in the Developing World: Lessons from the Chinese Wind Controversy

March 2010

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the leading international carbon market and a driving force for sustainable development globally.

The Limits of Institutional Design in Oil Sector Governance: Exporting the Norwegian Model

February 2010

Norway has made a point of administering its petroleum resources using three distinct government bodies: a national oil company (NOC) engaged in commercial hydrocarbon operations; a government...

Promoting Clean Development Competing Market Mechanisms Post-2012

October 2009

(Excerpt) According to climate scientists, averting the worst consequences of climate change requires that the increase in global temperature should be limited to 2°C (or 3.6°F).

Cookstoves and Obstacles to Technology Adoption by the Poor

October 2009

Programs to distribute improved biomass stoves have traditionally been unsuccessful, despite enormous potential health and climate benefits.

Real Drivers of Carbon Capture and Storage in China and Implications for Climate Policy

August 2009

The capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions from coal combustion is now widely viewed as imperative for stabilization of the global climate.  Coal is the world’s fastest growing fossil fuel....

Climate Change and the Energy Challenge: A Pragmatic Approach for India

August 2009

India has been famous for arguing that it (and the rest of the developing world) should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change.

Evolution of China's Coal Institutions, The

August 2009

Coal is the major primary energy which fuels economic growth in China.

People

Frank Wolak Senior Fellow Professor, Economics
Mark C. Thurber Associate Director for Research
Ognen Stojanovski Research Scholar
Gordon Leslie PhD Candidate
Ivan Korolev PhD Candidate
Peng Wuyuan Affiliated Faculty
Akshaya Jha Assistant Professor at Carnegie Mellon University
Sriniketh Nagavarapu Visiting Scholar
Kathy Lung Operations Manager